Alice C. Linsley
|Angkor Wat, Cambodia|
Stone relief of a solar boat with the falcon image of Horus flying above the flames of the Sun.
Sudroid refers to the aboriginal populations of India who were later displaced from most of Hindustan (North India) and all of the Deccan by invading Aryans. Linguistically the Sudanese, Egyptians and Beja peoples are related. They are also genetically related. Their skin tone is black to dark reddish brown.
The connection between the ancient Sudanese/Sudra and India is evidenced by objects and motifs common to both the Upper Nile during the Indus Valley period. These motifs include fire altars for animal sacrifice, the Lingam of the temples of India and the Phallus found in Egyptian temples, the lotus symbol, serpentine borders on stone reliefs and seals, the dwarf deity (exhibit A); and the solar boat (exhibit B), reed boats (exhibit C), serpent symbolism (exhibit D) and the Tree of Life (exhibit E).
Exhibit A: Dwarf Deities
African dwarf Bes, patron of wealth in African folklore. His statute appears at the Dendera Temple on the Nile. His name is related to a Nubian word besa, meaning cat, and his appearance somteimes suggests a cat, perhaps Re's cat who is said to have killed the great water serpent.
Dwarfs were often people of high status in ancient Egypt. They even served as priests, although by the time of the Jerusalem Temple, it was forbidden for dwarfs to be priests (Lev. 21:17-20). The incidence of dwarfism appears to be due to the fact that the nobles of ancient Egypt and Sudan tended to marry close relatives.
A team of Georgetown University Hospital studied biological remains that showed that dwarfism in ancient Egypt was not seen as a handicap. Instead dwarfs were regarded as respected individuals.
Yaksha, the dwarf, was also venerated in the area where remains of giant men were found in 1936 in central Africa at Lake El-yasi. The Sanskrit word "yaksha" is related to the Kushite word "yashi". In ancient Egypt the dwarf Bes (above) was venerated as a semi-divine ruler.
The dwarf Bes was an earthly character.
Egypt – a solar boat over the head of a bull and Horus. The horns of the bull form the image of the sun’s base resting in the celestial boat. The bull is venerated as a sacred symbol in both Africa and India. Horus, who was called the "son of God", is often shown with upraised arms or falcon wings with a sun on his head (see image below).
India – a solar boat with the seven deities representing the seven visible planets. The earliest known observations of the planets were those of the people living in the region of the Lebombo Mountains of southern Africa.
Exhibit C: Reed Boats like this are found from Africa to India
Reed boats are used in a Hindu religious festival which takes place every year on the banks of the Ganges where thousands of people burn incense and candles on small reed boats and float them down the river at night. The boats carrying their wishes and prayers.
Exhibit D: Serpent Symbolism
Shown below: 70,000 year old python stone venerated in southern Africa.
This carving was found inside a cave in remote hills in the Kalahari Desert of Botswana, It is as tall as a man and 20 feet long. The area is known to San (or Bushmen) who live there as the "Mountains of the Gods."
The Python Stone is about the same age as the oldest known counting device (the Lebombo Bone) and the mining operations in the Lebombo Mountains which involved thousands of miners. All of these finds date to between 80,000 and 70,000 years. India has no serpent images as old as this although the serpent has been venerated in India for many millennia.
Shown below: Indian serpent goddess. Note the resemblance to the Minoan snake goddess who also holds a snake in each hand.
Exhibit E: The Tree of Life from which water flows
Shown right: Egyptian Tree of Life
The motif of a Tree of Life is very old as is evident from the wide diffusion of the motif from Africa to Asia, Australia and South America. (In Anthropology, the principle of diffusion states that the oldest culture traits, beliefs or practices are those that are most widely diffused across the earth.) The Tree of Life archetype is as old as the serpent archetype and the two are often portrayed together, as in the image of Re's cat killing Apophis, the giant water serpent (below).
Related reading: False Correlations; The Christ in Nilotic Mythology; Giants in the Land (and Dwarfs Too); Serpent Symbolism; Trees in Genesis; The Origin of Castes; False Correlations