Zionism represents the gradual building up of a tradition which has little to do with the Bible or anthropological evidence. This religious ideology is rooted less in what the Bible says than in what the rabbis have written over the centuries.
Zionism is traceable to the Babylonian exile when the people of Judah yearned for restoration of the glory of Jerusalem. Once they returned to Palestine, they determined that they would never again be separated from the land. The Jewish yearning for a homeland has been reinforced by repeated experiences of separation and loss.
Zionism is well entrenched in American academia. Shaye Cohen at Harvard is one example. Melvin Konner at
The great Jewish gifts to the world - monotheism, the Ten Commandments, resistance against tyranny - were born in weakness in a group of tribes, then a kingdom, buffeted between great empires; nurtured in a series of bitter exiles; and annealed in genocide. This produced allegiance to a single all-powerful God who could protect them, a code of laws that maintained decency in the face of perversions of power, and a searing sense of injustice.
It simply isn't true that the Jews gave us monotheism. Monotheism existed in ancient Kush and Egypt before the Jews were identifiable as a people.
The Ten Commandments is indeed a gift from Judaism to the world, though it has antecedents in the oldest moral codes, such as the Law of Tehut.
Zionists attempt to validate the Jewish claim to the land by insisting that Jews have always been in Israel. This is expressed in Koller's book. He writes:
The Jews did not come to Israel from anywhere else at any time. They have been there from time immemorial. They became a coherent people there, discovered God there, built a kingdom there, created the Torah there, and composed much of the Talmud there. Attempts to evict them partly succeeded, but their presence there has always been significant. Wherever they were in exile they longed to go back there, and in every generation some did. Their presence there is permanent, and future attempts to evict them will incur a huge cost.
The Bible and anthropological evidence indicate that Horites lived in the area know as Judah and Northern Arabia and that Abraham's people were Horites, a caste of ruler-priests who were devotees of Horus, who was called "son of God." The Horite caste appears to be Nilotic in origin.
The Jews claim to be descendants of Abraham, but in fact, Abraham's ancestors came out of the Nile region of Africa. This is what Genesis tells us both explicity and through analysis of the Genesis king lists.
Genesis 10 tells us that Nimrod was a Kushite who built a kingdom in the area of Haran and Ur where, in Genesis 12, we find Abraham's father is a ruler. It is certainly true that the Kushites spread across a vast area of the ancient Afro-Asiatic Dominion, but this can't be said of the Jews, whose identity as a people emerges after their experience in Babylon.