I was going to write something about the Documentary Hypothesis, but someone beat me to it at Stand Firm. A priest made this this facile comment:
But the overwhelming consensus of modern scholars is that the Pentateuch is indeed a composite of multiple traditions, coming from a wide variety of times and places and reflecting a considerable variety of theological viewpoints and group interests.
To which a a layman, Michael A responded:
The more I thought about this, the more irritated I became, because it is such typical liberal humbug: “This is what everyone is thinking don’t question it”. Yet it is quite untrue - *numerous* scholars reject the documentary hypothesis. I assembled a quick list, broken down into (a) liberals or other; (b) jewish (a huge field of scholars that the liberals always ignore); and (c) conservative christian:
(a) liberal or other
*Rolf Rendtdorff “problems of process of transmission in the Pentateuch”, trans English 1977
*R.N. Whybray, Introduction to the Pentateuch 1995.
*Whybray acidly comments: “There is at the present moment no consensus whatever about when, why, how, and through whom the Pentateuch reached its present form, and opinions about the dates of composition of its various parts differ by more than five hundred years.”
*Kikawada, Isaac M. and A. Quinn. Before Abraham Was: The Unity of Genesis 1-11. Nashville: Abingdon, 1985.
*Richard S. Hess, Israelite Religions, 2008 [This is a huge and detailed study on the subject]
*Literally from left field are scholars like Gmirkin in “Berossus and Genesis” 2006 who argues that the entire Pentateuch was written in the 3rd century BC! Obviously his position is radically different to mine (I believe it was written/edited by Moses, as Jesus said). Yet the end result is the same: Gmirkin rejects the documentary hypothesis.
*Umberto Cassuto completely debunked the DH. His “The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch” is still highly recommended reading (1966 in english)
*Yehezkel Kaufmann (1950s)
*Cyrus H. Gordon (1960s)
There are plenty of recent Jewish scholars who reject the Documentary Hypothesis:
*Dr. Yohanan Aharoni
*Rabbi Dr Joshua Berman
*Rabbi Yosef Reinman
(c) Conservative christian
*R.K. Harrison, An Introduction To The Old Testament 1970
*K.A. Kitchen, Ancient Orient And The Old Testament 1966
*Gleason Archer (d. 2004) of Fuller and Trinity.
*Walter Kaiser of Gordon-Conwell
*Ronald F. Youngblood
*James Orr, The Problems of the Old Testament
*R.W.L. Moberly, The Old Testament of the Old Testament
*J Gordon McConville
*T Desmond Alexander
*Prof. Joseph Free, Archaeology and Bible History 1969
*Prof. Randall W. Younker, 1999
*Duane A. Garrett 1991.
*Derek Kidner, Commentary on Genesis
*J Harold Greenlee
*Prof. Claude Mariottini
*Joseph Blenkinsopp 1995.
*McCarter, P. Kyle, Jr. 1988
Liberal scholars are of course unaware of any of these, in their intellectual ghetto. Go figure.
 Posted by MichaelA on 01-11-2010 at 04:21 AM here.
I would have enjoyed joining the discussion but it appears that I no longer have posting privileges at Stand Firm. Since my work is being discussed at this thread (and misrepresented by some), it would be a courtesy to have allowed me to comment in my defense. I have responded at Virtueonline here.
For my thoughts on the Documentary Hypothesis, go here.
INDEX of Topics at Biblical Anthropology - Learn to read the Bible through the lens of cultural anthropology and you will never read it the same way again. If you are new to this research, it would...
1 day ago