Saturday, June 5, 2010

Jesus Christ of Two Crowns

Alice C. Linsley

Shown above: The Double Crown worn by Horus. The red crown represents Lower Nile (Egypt) and the white crown respresents Upper Nile (ancient Kush, modern Sudan). After the unification of the Upper and Lower Nile regions the two were put together to represent a unified Egypt. Narmer (Menes) was the first recorded to wear the Double Crown. He was the founder of the First Dynasty around 3100 B.C.

The Double Crown was associated with Horus, the "Son of God",who is said to unify the two lands. One of his symbols is the falcon or hawk. Horus was said to be the parthenogenetic child of the Virgin Mother, Isis. I've written here about how Horus was a pattern for Christ and Christ unites two peoples into one Kingdom. The two peoples are those who lived in expectation of the appearing of the Seed promised in Genesis 3:15 and those who believe the testimony of the Apostles who saw His appearing. Just as the Patriarchs came to rule after taking their second wifes, so Christ will ascend the throne of the Father after He takes the Church as his bride.

Exacators at Hierakonpolis report found "a series of New Kingdom inscriptions incised into the rock high up on the rise. These record the names of several priests with prayers and dedications to Horus of Nekhen depicted as a crouching falcon with the White or Double Crown on his head. The location of the inscriptions suggests that this spot had been chosen not only for the commanding view it provided, but because it marked the southeasternmost border of Hierakonpolis and would be the first place illuminated by the rays of the rising sun each morning."

Susan Burns, an avid follower of Biblical Anthropology, has written: "The double axe symbol has been found at the Egyptian City of the Hawk signifying two lands. In this ancient city it is the Desheret symbol of sedge and bee. Desheret has been shown to have a root connection to Deborah, the Hebrew word for bee. Bee symbols are at the very heart of the afro-semitic language. Mn was the Egyptian god of the hive. The miraculous appearance of honey was attributed to him. Mn (with added Hebrew Heh) could be the Mannah (honeycomb) of Moses' Exodus sustaining the Israelites in the wilderness. I think it is interesting that the earliest Aramaic churches were hexagram shaped - a replica of a honeycomb cell."

Abraham's people were Horites, a tribe of priests whose God - Horus - was regarded as the "Son of God". Horus was said to be the parthenogenetic child of the Virgin Mother, Isis. Though he was the "Son of God", he was born in humble circumstances in a cave. He was killed by his brother and rose again.

There are two ways to consider the parallel between Jesus and Horus: either Christianity absorbed ancient Egyptian mythology to explain Jesus or Jesus was recognized as Messiah by those who expected Him to fit the belief pattern of Abraham and his people. The second makes sense and fits the evidence of continuity from Abrahamic faith to Christian faith.  It would be difficult to explain why Christians would adopt an ancient Egyptian myth centuries after the fact.

Looking at the Horus-Jesus parallels through the lens of anthropology one finds an unchanging tradition that was already well developed among Abraham's ancestors, evidence that God has had witnesses in every generation since Eden. It also indicates that this Holy Tradition is received, not invented, and that it has specific features that the followers of Jesus Christ would immediately recognize. These features include expectation of the appearing of the Son of God by a miraculous birth under humble circumstances, His death and resurrection, and His oneness with the Father.

Related reading:  Horus, King of the Universe; Who Were the Horites?; The Christ in Nilotic Mythology 


Georgia said...

Could it also be said that Christ also wears a triple crown, representing the Father, Son and Holy Spirit; Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Exodus 3:15); the three sons; His people, past, present and future; His reign over the spirit, soul and body of His people and the three Covenants, with Noah, Abraham and the final Covenant in Christ's blood?

Alice C. Linsley said...

A wonderful observation, Georgia!

All true. You will remember that two wives in separate households consituted a single kingdom. In Scripture these wives are the mothers of three named sons. The three sons are a crown on the head of their father. They also represent the three sacred offices: Ruler, Priest and Prophet.

Anonymous said...

I vote "Jesus was recognized as Messiah by those who expected Him to fit the belief pattern of Abraham and his people."

Money, according to the Etymological dictionary, is from the word "Moneta", one of the names of Juno. But maybe Moneta could be derived from Mn? The regular shapes of honeycomb could be the inspiration for gold coins.

Susan Burns

Alice C. Linsley said...

Susan, I think the word money - moneta (Latin) - is indeed related to MN. Perhaps you have seen the recent news report about the discovery of a 2,200 year old Egyptian coin at Tell Kadesh? The report says: "The coin's denomination is called a mnaieion, meaning a one-mina coin, and is equivalent to 100 silver drachms, or a mina of silver." Read more here: