Alice C. Linsley
I received these images and a map of the Holy Land marked to show the supposed site of these finds. I was immediately suspicious given the depth at which the bodies were found. They should be at least 8 feet below ground level to fit the period of biblical history they are intended to support. The information comes from here. There is no verification of this in any peer-reviewed journal, and were such a discovery made by Biblical archaeologists you can be sure that they would be shouting about their discovery! It would at least get a mention in Biblical Archaeology Review.
That said, the Biblical account of giants is already verified. The Sara people tell of giants living among them. Sarah, Abraham’s half-sister wife was of the Sara tribe. She dwelt in Hebron and Hebron was called Kiriath-Arba (Arabic name). Old Arabic is older than biblical Hebrew. The Sara tribe originated in west central Africa. The largest population of Sara lives in Chad (where Noah’s flood took place about 8,000 years ago.). The social organization of the Sara closely resembles the social organization of Abraham’s ancestors. Sara society is organized by patrilineal descent from a common male ancestor. There is a 3-clan confederation such as characterizes Abraham's people.
The qir-ka are the eastern Sara, the qin-ka are those living in central Chad, and the qel-ka are the western groups. The Sara today are descendants of an earlier 3-tribe confederation of warriors and kingdom builders. According to Sara legend, there were giants among them. These are likely the Anunnaki or Anakim, also called Nephilim. They are the gibboriym - mighty ones. The Kushite kingdom builder Nimrod is an example.
Dwarfs were also common among Abraham's Nilo-Saharan ancestors. Yaksha, the dwarf (shown right) was venerated in the area where remains of giant men were found in 1936 in central Africa at Lake El-yasi. The Sanskrit word "yaksha" is related to the Kushite word "yashi." In ancient Egypt the dwarf Bes (shown below) was venerated as a semi-divine ruler.
|Bes figurine dating to between 1070 and 800 B.C.|
At Nekhen in Sudan, many graves of dwarfs have been found. These were buried in such a way as to indicate that they held high rank among the Nilo-Saharans. In the 2012 Nekhen report, we read, "A number of ivory figurines attest to a special interest in dwarfs in Predynastic times, but none have provenance. Better documented are the statuettes from the Early Dynastic temple caches, for example at Tel el Farkha, where 13 little dwarf figurines were found. Although female dwarfs are more commonly depicted in this context, possibly due to an association with fertility, in the court of the Dynasty I kings, it was male dwarfs that were honored by burial amongst the royal retainers and commemorated with high quality stelae, showing that they were valued as personal attendants, just as they would continue to be in the Old Kingdom." (From here.)
By the time of the First Temple in Jerusalem, dwarfs were not permitted to enter the place of worship. "For the generations to come none of your descendants who has a defect may come near to offer the food of his God. No man who has any defect may come near: no man who is blind or lame, disfigured or deformed; no man with a crippled foot or hand, or who is a hunchback or a dwarf, or who has any eye defect, or who has festering or running sores or damaged testicles." (Leviticus 21:17-20)
The story of Jesus staying in the home of Zacchaeus the dwarf shows that God is not offended by this so-called deformity.
Diversity of Biblical Peoples
It is evident that there was a great diversity of peoples in the time described in Genesis 10. This includes giants, dwarfs, and black, red and brown Nubians.
|Red and black Nubians|
|Red and brown Nubians|
(Dr. Arthur Brack)
There were also castes and these practiced endogamy (marriage exclusively within the caste). These include the Kenite metal workers, the Horite ruler-priests and the Tahash (Madiga) leather workers. Genetic traits were preserved through the endogamous marriage pattern.
Related reading: Genesis on the Ancient Kingdom Builders; The Origin of Castes; Kushite Diversity and Unity; Sudan is Archaeologically Rich