Friday, August 12, 2011

The Descendants of Noah

Alice C. Linsley


Genesis tells us that Noah had three sons: Ham, Shem and Japheth. To these sons and their wives were born diverse peoples who are classified as Afro-Arabians and Afro-Asiatics. At the point in history (about 2500 B.C.) Noah lived in the region of Lake Chad. To this day the only place on the surface of earth that claims to be Noah's homeland is Bor'No, the Land of Noah in the region of Lake Chad. Noan and his sons were more African than Asiatic, as is evident by the name given to Ham's son "Kush" (Gen. 10:6), the ancestral head of the Kushites who united the Upper and Lower Nile regions and spread out of Africa into Arabia, Canaan and Mesopotamia. All of these men were rulers and kingdom builders.

It was the custom of these rulers to have two wives in separate households on a north-south axis. This made it easier for the rulers to control and tax commerical traffic moving through their territories. Remembering that Noah and his sons lived in the part of Africa through which the Nile flowed northward from its headlands in Nigeria, we can understand the practicality of this custom. In Canaan the commercial traffic moved in a north-south direction also.

In Genesis, three sons represent a tribal unity and there are many such units listed. Consider these 3-clan confederations:

Jubal, Jabal and Tubal-Kain
Ham, Shem and Japheth
Haran, Nahor and Abraham
Yisbak, Esau and Jacob
Og, Magog and Gog
Uz, Buz and Huz

Within these confederations three priest lines consistently intermarried. So the lines of Ham and Shem intermarried and the lines of Nahor and Abraham intermarried. It appears that Japheth's descendants moved out of the Upper Nile area into Europe and the Near East.

Ham
Ham was the father of great kingdom-builders whose territories spread from Nigeria to southern India. Kush was one of Ham's sons and Kush fathered the rulers Raamah and Nimrod by 2 different wives. Nimrod build a vast kingdom in the Tigris-Euphrates River Valley and Raamah's kingdom stretched from Tyre and Sidon to the cities of the Dead Sea Plain. Raamah's sons were Sheba and Dedan, who intermarried with the people of Shem. Genesis 10 tells us that Nimrod's son by his patrilineal cousin was Asshur, but this son technically belonged to the House of Shem. Likely Arpachshad was Nimrod's son by his half-sister wife.

Shem
Shem's descendants intermarried with the descendants of Ham. Rulers of Shem's house include Asshur, Arpachshad, Selah, and Eber. Eber's two sons were Peleg and Joktan (see diagram). These were born of different wives and the Bible tells us that a "division" took place in this generation (Gen. 10:25). One of Joktan's sons was Sheba, the grandson of Sheba the Elder, the grandson of Kush, the son of Ham. Sheba the elder's brother was Dedan. The Dedanites were the first to use Old Arabic script. The Asshurites and the Elamites used a different script so it is clear that there was a division linguistically.

Japheth
The descendants of Japheth are found in Europe, Turkey, Pakistan, Mongolia and the Upper Nile. This explains the linguistic similarity between some Afro-Asiatic names and some Turkish, Pashtun and Mongolian names, including Jochi, Beri, Malik and Khan. Khan was originally a title meaning king. Today it is a common surname in Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Mongolia. It is equivalent to the Afro-Asiatic Kain or Kayan. Some of the Pashtun tribes adopted Malik as the ruler's title instead of Khan. Malik is equivalent to the Afro-Asiatic Melek, meaning king or ruler.

Genghis Khan married a woman of the Olkut’Hun, or Ogur Hun meaning the Hun clan/community. The word ogur means clan/community and appears to be equivalent to the Pashto orkut, meaning community. So ogur, orkut and olkut are cognates and likely related to the Kandahar dialect, which has Tir-hari as a principal dialect. Tir is a form of the name Tiras, mentioned in Genesis 10 and hari is a form of the word for Horite. So Genghis Khan married into a community which had connections to Abraham's Horite people, probably through the ruler Nimrod.

In the Hungarian origin stories, Nimrod had two sons: Magor and Hunor. Magor is the equivalent of the Afro-Asiatic name Magog and the Hungarian word Magyar. Magyar is what the Hungarian people call themselves. Some Magyar still live in the Upper Nile area where they are called the Magyar-ab, meaning the Magyar tribe. This word is likely related to the word Ar-ab, the tribe or clans of Ar. The common explanation for the word Arab comes mostly from Jewish sources that claim it is derived from er-eb, meaning mixed or mongrel people.


10 comments:

Susan Burns said...

Ab (father) is probably derived from eb. I have investigated this word extensively and find many related words having to do with "haunch" and hind quarters of men and animals. Now that you have related it to "tribe", could it be that a territory or location is tantamount for the blessing to be received by the heel? An interesting fact is that the standing stone at the entrance to the circle at stonehenge is called the "heel" and is the only one placed at an angle (ankh, ankle).
Susan

Alice C. Linsley said...

The father/patriarch is also the titular head of the tribe. So ab can refer to both and also to the patriarch's land holding. The heel can symbolize the tribe's claim to land/territory. Tribal peoples commonly believe that the Creator gave them the land that they can walk in a given period of time.

There is more evidence to indicate that the peoples who came to Britain many thousands of years ago from the area of Hungary and Anatolia had many cultural traits consistent with ab-original water peoples of Africa. I think, for example, of the custom of burial with the skulls of sacrificed cattle. The circular "pan graves" found along the Nile were marked with the decorated skulls of bulls, gazelles and goats. These remind me of the bowl barrows at Stonehedge which were likewise decorated with bovine skulls.

Susan Burns said...

While the heel "symbolizes" a tribe's claim to territory, the words built to describe this function came about because of their actual belief that the heel was the receipient of divine blessings.

Also, crucifixion by Romans seems to be a deliberate method of denying the power of the God of the Hebrews. They nailed their heels (Jacob) to a tree (Eloah).

Skull, IMO, is derived from Semitic GL (Gilgal, Golgotha) and is the part of the skeletal tree not needed in Paradise. The ossuaries of the 1st century did not include the skulls. I think this is because after crossing over, the Ba receives a new "head" which is Ra. Just look at the tomb paintings of Pharoahs after death. They have the same body but a head replaced by a depiction of Kephre (Ceph?)

Alice C. Linsley said...

I think that you are correct. The heel is also a place of vulnerability (Achilles' heel). Jeremiah 13:22 speaks of this: Jerusalem's heels have been exposed/ravished.

The head/ceph pertains to clans of Joseph, right? They were on the west side of the Jordan (M'nasheh and Ephrem). The heel pertains to the clans of Jacob, who grasped Esau's heel (Gen. 25:26). They were on the east side of the Jordan (M'nasheh and Gd). The river connected the Egyptian and Aramaen clans and made them live as one people. Here is that serpent - S - image of connection, as in lightening coming from heaven to earth.

The new Head is a theme taken up by St. Paul when he speaks of Christ as the "kepale" from which the whole body receives immortality.

I'd never thought of crucifixion in those terms. Very interesting! The bruising of His heel is an essential part of the fulfillment of the Edenic Promise in Gen. 3:15.

Alice C. Linsley said...

Susan,

Another provocative detail that suggests that descendants of Noah moved into Britain involves the "Egyptian Stonehenge" dated to around 5300 B.C, about 1000 years older than Stonehedge. Stonehedge and the stone circle at Nabta, Egypt were arranged in the same fashion.

There is a photo here:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/15936471/Ancient-Egyptian-Astronomy

See page 80.

Susan Burns said...

I have found many Celtic words that could be derived from Afro-Asiatic. For instance "Gaul" could be "Gel". Thanks for that link!

Anonymous said...

Alice,

Although I have not been able to prove that Noah lived near Lake Chad, I have been able to trace the decendants of Ham back to this region. I found a number of references to Ham's decsendants in my study on the Kingdom of Kush, which went from the Lake Chad area, across the central region of Africa, into central Sudan. Although my study on the Kingdom of Kush is not finished, I will continue to research the references of Ham's descendants living in this region. Thank you for your viewpoints!

Alice C. Linsley said...

Keep up the good work! I'm confident that you are correct.

Anonymous said...

Alice,

In this article, you stated that "Noah lived in the region of Lake Chad." I disagree. When Noah took his family from the mountains of Ararat, he traveled southward to the Tigris-Euphrates River Valley where he lived the remaining years of his life. His sons and their descendants traveled beyond this region into other areas. Ham and his descendants traveled from the River Valley into northern Mesopotamia and southward along the Mediterranean Sea (from Syria to Egypt), and into Africa (from Egypt down to Ethiopia and across central Africa to Lake Chad).

Alice C. Linsley said...

Please cite linguistic, archaeological, anthropological and biblical data to support this view.

Ararat is an Arabic word which means vehemence. This fits the story of the flood as divine judgment.