Saturday, October 5, 2019

Leaving Haran

Alice C. Linsley

Abraham's father Terah maintained two wives in separate households. One resided in Ur of Chaldea (modern Iraq) and the other resided in Haran (modern Turkey). The rulers of Abraham's people marked their northern and southern boundaries by the placement of their wives. Abraham did this also. Sarah resided in Hebron and Keturah resided in Beersheba to the south. (Both Hebron and Beersheba were in the territory that the Greeks called Idumea, which is Edom, the land of red people.)

The Horite Hebrew rulers did not place their wives on an east-west axis because that would be to claim equality with God. The solar arc indicated God's daily route from the rising of the sun to the setting of the sun. There is a subtle criticism of Lamech the Elder (Gen. 4) whose two wives lived in settlements on a east-west axis. As the Hebrew scholar Theodor Gaster noted, their names Adah and Zillah indicate dawn and dust. This rounds out the picture of Lamech's arrogance, for besides boasting of killing a man, he set himself as an equal to God.

Evidently, Terah was a powerful ruler. His territory was the fertile land between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. His son Nahor ruled after Terah died in Haran (Gen. 11:32). Nahor was Abraham's older brother.

In Akkadian, "na" is a modal prefix indicating service to, affirmation, or affiliation.The name Na-Hor would then indicate a servant of Horus; further evidence that Terah and his sons were Horite Hebrew rulers.

Nahor's sons were Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph and Bethuel. Job was of the clan of Uz. Nahor also had children by a concubine named Reumah. Their names were Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah (Gen. 22:20-24). The name "Tahash" refers to tanners and leather workers. A stronghold called Aram-Maacah is mentioned as an ally to the late Bronze Age strongholds of Aram Naharaim and Zobah in 1 Chronicles 19:6.

According to the marriage and ascendancy pattern of the Horite Hebrew, Abraham would have received gifts from his father before Terah died. These were provisions for Abraham's departure as a "sent-away" son. Sent-away sons were to seek territories of their own away from their father's proper heir. The sending forth of Abraham constitutes a divine call and appointment. It means that a kingdom will be gained, not according to worldly means, but as God directs. Sent-away sons receive divine protection, guidance, territory, authority, and heirs. This pattern is found with Cain, Abraham, Moses, Yacob, Yoseph, Samuel and David.

The right of rule was bestowed on the first born son of the principal wife. The principal wife was the bride of the man's youth and a half-sister, as was Sarah to Abraham. Inheritance grants were given to the sons of concubines. Abraham gave grants to the sons of his concubines Hagar and Masek and sent the sons away from the territory of his proper heir, Isaac (Gen. 25:6). 

Many heroes of the Bible are men who left their homes and relied on God for provision of their own territories. This practice of sending away sons drove the expansion of the Horite Hebrew into new territories. It explains why the Horite Hebrew are found dispersed among the peoples of Y-DNA Haplogroup R (shown on map above).

No comments: