|Scythian belt title from Azerbaijan
Alice C. Linsley
Genesis tells us that Noah had at least three sons: Ham, Shem and Japheth. To these sons and their wives were born sons and daughters that intermarried. Bible literalists maintain that the Earth was repopulated after a catastrophic global flood by these sons and their wives. However, the biblical data and the data of science does not support this view. People had already dispersed out of Africa into Eurasia long before the time of Noah.
At the point in history when Noah lived (about 3500-4000 B.C.), human populations had already arrive in the New World, Southeast Asia, and Australia.
Noah was a Proto-Saharan ruler whose homeland is Bor'No, meaning "the Land of Noah" in the region of Lake Chad. Noah and his sons were more African than Asiatic, as is evident by the name given to Ham's son "Kush" (Gen. 10:6), the ancestral head of the Kushites who united the Upper and Lower Nile regions and spread out of Africa into Arabia, Canaan and Mesopotamia. All of these men were rulers and kingdom builders. They are called "the mighty men of old" in Genesis.
It was the custom of these rulers to have two wives in separate households on a north-south axis. This made it easier for the rulers to control and tax commerical traffic moving through their territories. Remembering that Noah and his sons lived in the part of Africa through which the Nile flowed northward from its headlands in Nigeria, we can understand the practicality of this custom. In Canaan the commercial traffic moved in a north-south direction also.
In Genesis, three sons represent a tribal unity and there are many such units listed. The Anakim, for example, were organized into three-clan confederations. The three Anakim clans were named for the three highest ranked sons of Anak. Their names are Sheshai (Shasu), Ahiman and Talmai (Josh.15:14). The Shasu were devotees of YHWH before the time of Moses. Consider these three-clan confederations:
Jubal, Jabal and Tubal-Kain
Ham, Shem and Japheth
Haran, Nahor and Abraham
Yisbak, Esau and Jacob
Og, Magog and Gog
Uz, Buz and Huz
Within these confederations three priest lines consistently intermarried. So the lines of Ham and Shem intermarried, as did the lines of Shem and Japheth, and the lines of Nahor and Abraham intermarried. Genesis 9:27 tells us that the lineages of Japheth and Shem spread far and wide and intermingled. "God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem."
Ham was the father of great kingdom-builders whose territories spread from Nigeria to southern India. Kush was one of Ham's sons and Kush fathered the rulers Raamah and Nimrod by 2 different wives. Nimrod build a vast kingdom in the Tigris-Euphrates River Valley and Raamah's kingdom stretched from Tyre and Sidon to the cities of the Dead Sea Plain. Raamah's sons were Sheba and Dedan, who intermarried with the people of Shem. Genesis 10 tells us that Nimrod's son by his patrilineal cousin was Asshur, but this son technically belonged to the House of Shem. Likely Arpachshad was Nimrod's son by his half-sister wife.
Shem's descendants intermarried with the descendants of Ham. Rulers of Shem's house include Asshur, Arpachshad, Selah, and Eber. Eber's two sons were Peleg and Joktan (see diagram). These were born of different wives and the Bible tells us that a "division" took place in this generation (Gen. 10:25). One of Joktan's sons was Sheba, the grandson of Sheba the Elder, the grandson of Kush, the son of Ham. Sheba the elder's brother was Dedan. The Dedanites were the first to use Old Arabic script. The Asshurites and the Elamites used a different script so it is clear that there was a division linguistically.
The descendants of Japheth are found in Europe, Turkey, Pakistan, Mongolia and the Upper Nile. His lineage intermarried with the line of Shem. This explains the linguistic similarity between some Afro-Asiatic/Semitic names and some Turkish, Pashtun and Mongolian names, including Jochi, Beri, Malik and Khan. Khan was originally a title meaning king. Today it is a common surname in Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Mongolia. It is equivalent to the Afro-Asiatic Kain or Kayan. Some of the Pashtun tribes adopted Malik as the ruler's title instead of Khan. Malik is equivalent to the Afro-Asiatic Melek, meaning king or ruler.
Genghis Khan married a woman of the Olkut’Hun, or Ogur Hun meaning the Hun community. "On Oghur" means "Ten Arrows" and is a reference to the 10-clan Magyar Confederation. Some think that the term Hungary is derived from "On Oghur." The word ogur means clan/community and appears to be equivalent to the Pashto orkut, meaning community. So ogur, orkut and olkut are cognates and likely related to the Kandahar dialect, which has Tir-hari as a principal dialect. Tir is a form of the name Tiras, mentioned in Genesis 10 and hari is variant of the words Horus and Horite. So it appears that Genghis Khan married into a community which had connections to the Horim, Abraham's Horite people. Likely, Genghis Kahn was a descendant of the Kushite Saka who populated Northern India, Bactria, and the steppes of central Eurasia. Assyrian documents place the appearance of the Saka between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the time of Sargon (722-705 B.C.)
In the Hungarian stories, Nimrod is said to have had two sons: Magor and Hunor. Magyar is what the Hungarian people call themselves. The Hungarian word "mag" means son or seed so Mag-Yar means son/seed of Yar (note the initial Canaanite Y designating divine appointment). Likewise, Mag-Or means son/seed of Or. There is a linguistic and genetic link to Shem and Japheth.
Some Magyar live in the Upper Nile area where they are called the Magyar-ab, meaning the Magyar tribe. This word possibly reflects a connection to the clans of Ar. The common explanation for the word Arab comes mostly from Jewish sources that claim it is derived from er-eb, meaning mixed or mongrel people, however it could also mean "people of Ar."
Related reading: Africa in the Days of Noah; Where Did Noah's Ark Land?; Was Constantine a Saka Ruler?; Noah's Homeland in Historical Perspective; Noah's Ark; Where Dwelleth Japheth