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Monday, February 17, 2014

Abraham's Maternal Line

Alice C. Linsley

Abraham's mother was his father's half-sister. She gave birth to Nahor and Abraham. Abraham was the younger and therefore not the proper heir to his father's throne. He was a sent-away son to whom God gave a kingdom between Hebron and Beersheba, in the ancient land of Edom. The Greeks called this land Idumea, meaning "land of red people."

Note that both Hebron (where Sarah lived) and Beersheba (where Keturah lived) are in Edom. Abraham's territory extended on a north-south axis between the settlements of his two wives and was entirely in Edom.

This was the land of the Horite Ha'biru (Hebrew) rulers who are listed in Genesis 36. Abraham and his mother and father were kin to these Horite rulers. Among Abraham's Horite ancestors Called "Horim" by Jews) ancestry was traced by both the maternal and paternal lines, by the ethnicity or blood line was traced through the mothers. This is still true for Jews today. One is a Jew by only two means: either proper conversion, or if one's mother is Jewish.

Abraham's mother is not identified in the Bible. Why is this? Such information is critical to understanding Abraham's ethnicity and maternal lineage. Since blood line and ethnicity were traced through the mothers it is surprising that the Bible does not tell us about Abraham's mother. Perhaps the final editor of Genesis (the Deuteronomist Historian) found this problematic because she was not a Jew, and therefore Abraham was not the first Jew. This is one of the problems that reveals contextual incongruities in the book of Genesis.

Talmudic tradition names Abraham's mother Amsalai. Her name is very suggestive of her high rank. It means the "sweet fragrance of the people." Am refers to people, and salai refers to frankincense derived from the Boswellia serrata, a deciduous tree that grows in dry, mountainous areas. Abraham's second wife was Keturah. Her name also refers to a sweet fragrance or perfume.

Amsalai and Terah had the same father - Nahor the Elder. Nahor was a ruler in the Tigris-Euphrates River Valley. He was ethnically Kushite, a descendant of Nimrod, the son of Kush (Gen. 10:8).

Amsalai is identified with Karnevo, which is a variant of the word Karnak or Carnak. "Terah took a wife and her name was Amsalai, the daughter of Karnevo; and the wife of Terah conceived and bare him a son in those days." Jasher 7:50

There were many fortified shrine cities at elevated sites, but the most famous Karnak was on the Nile. Kar refers to an elevated shrine or "high place" and nak or naak refers to rituals. Naak is the ritual removal of front teeth among the Nilotic Luo and the ancient Natufians who were one of the earliest populations in Israel. Karnak means "place of rituals" and indicates a mountain temple or a water shrine.

Karnak on the Nile was a Horite temple. It is likely that Abraham's mother was the daughter of a Nilotic priest. She gave birth to 2 sons: Nahor and Abraham. Nahor was the older and he received his father's territory between Ur and Haran. This means that Abraham's mother was his father's half-sister, as only the first born sons of sister brides ruled after their fathers. This is one feature of the marriage and ascendancy pattern of Abraham's Horite ancestor

Abraham and his ancestors married exclusively within their Horite caste (endogamy). The Horites were closely associated with the Nilotic Ha'biru ruler-priests. Joseph married Asenath, the daughter of the priest of On (Heliopolis) on the Nile. Moses married a Kushite, his half-sister, before he married his patrilineal cousin, Zipporah, the daughter of the priest of Midian.

A distinctive pattern of marriage and ascendancy

Analysis of the marriage and ascendancy pattern of Abraham's people indicates that his mother was his father's half-sister (as was Sarah to Abraham). She was of the Horite ruler caste. These rulers have the Canaanite Y, a solar symbol, at the beginning of their names: Yitzak, Yaqtan, Yisbak, Yishmael, Yacob, and Yosef are examples. This solar cradle indicated divine appointment by overshadowing.

These ruler-priests clans intermarried. The women named in Genesis are Horite brides who married Horite rulers. Abraham's father's name was Terah which means "priest" among his Nilotic ancestors. The daughters of priests married the sons of priests, and all are descended from the same rulers named in the Genesis King Lists.

The Horites were closely associated with the rulers of Nubia, Kush, Egypt and Edom. Joseph married Asenath, the daughter of the priest of On or Onn (OXO, Iunu, city of the Anu, where the tera ruled on the Nile. Heliopolis was a very prestigious shrine city in the ancient world. The pyramids at Giza, Saqqara and Abusir were aligned to the obelisk at On. Baalbek in Lebanon, also called Heliopolis, aligns to Heliopolis on the Nile as well.

In the ancient world these ruler-priests were called Ha-piru (Hebrew) or O-piru, the O being a solar image. My Luo friend and language consultant, John Ogutu, noted a fascinating correspondence. He wrote, "O'mbiru, obiru refers to a small house built like a shrine or as a symbol among the Luo. A man who died before he could built his house would have the mourners erect one before his burial." Many Hebrew words have a linguistic connection to Luo and other Nilotic languages.

Analysis of the marriage and ascendancy pattern of the Horite Hebrew indicates that Abraham’s mother was a daughter of Terah, a ruler-priest of Kushite ancestry. It is likely that Amsalai was the sister of Keturah's mother who was of the royal house of Sheba (see diagram below). This connects Abraham's mother to the line of Sheba. Terah and Keturah's father, Joktan the Younger, appear to have married sisters, a common pattern with among the Horite Hebrew ruler-priest caste.

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