|Site of excavations in Affad. Photo: Marta Osypińska|
During ongoing excavations in northern Sudan, Polish archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology in Poznań, have discovered the remains of a settlement estimated to 70,000 years old. This find, according to the researchers, seems to contradict the previously held belief that the construction of permanent structures was associated with the so-called Great Exodus from Africa and occupation of the colder regions of Europe and Asia.
The site known as Affad 23, is currently the only one recorded in the Nile Valley which shows that early Homo sapiens built sizeable permanent structures, and had adapted well to the wetland environment.
This new evidence points to a much more advanced level of human development and adaptation in Africa during the Middle Paleolithic.
Though this settlement is located in northern Sudan, Nubian Middle Stone Age artifacts have been discovered there, suggesting that stone technologies traveled along the Nile.
Read more here.
Related reading: The Lithic Traditions of Late Pleistocene settlement at Afad, Sudan by Piotr Osypiński; Boats and Cows of the Proto-Saharans; When the Sahara Was Wet; Cemetery Dates to Time Before Noah; Sudan is Archaeologically Rich; African Stone, Shell and Egg Technologies; Why Nekhen is Anthropologically Significant; 55,000 year old inland human settlement in southern Arabia