Thursday, April 14, 2011

Terah's Nubian Ancestors

Tera-neter, nobleman of the Ainu people, pre-dynastic inhabitants of the Upper Nile. Abraham’s father, Terah, bears this title which means priest. The Ainu spread abroad, taking their religious beliefs and practices with them.

Alice C. Linsley

French Egyptologist Abbe Émile Amélineau (1850-1916) discovered the tombs of Ka, Den, and the Serpent King who preceded Nar-mer (Mena). Amélineau's digs destroyed a good amount of archeaological evidence, as Flinders Petrie discovered when he undertook a systematic archaeological method. However, many of  Amélineau's conclusions are valuable, especially his designation of the Anu as the aboriginal inhabitants of Egypt. He demonstrated how they migrated to the Lower Nile and founded the cities of Esneh, Erment, Qouch and Heliopolis. The original name of Heliopolis is “Anu" (biblical Oon). Amélineau noted that "All those cities have the characteristic symbol which serves to denote the name Anu."

Horus and his mother Hat-Hor (later called Isis) belonged to this Nubian people. In ancient Egyptian depictions of the goddess Hat-Hor she is shown with the same skin color as the Nubians. (Amélineau, Prolégomènes, pp. 124-125) The Sun was for them the emblem of the Creator. In Chapter XV of the Book of the Dead, we read: "Hail to thee, O God Ani in the mountainous land of Antem! O great God, falcon of the double solar mountain! Hat-Hor is often shown wearing the Sun upon her head. This expresses the Anu's belief that she is the chosen of the Creator to bring forth God's son.  The totem of Horus was the falcon and falcon shaped fire altars have been found across the ancient Afro-Asiatic Dominion.

Amélineau has this to say about Abraham's predynastic ancestors:  "These Anu were agricultural people, raising cattle on a large scale along the Nile, shutting themselves up in walled cities for defensive purposes. To this people we can attribute, without fear of error, the most ancient Egyptian books, The Book of the Dead and the Texts of the Pyramids, consequently, all the myths or religious teachings. I would add almost all the philosophical systems then known and still called Egyptian. They evidently knew the crafts necessary for any civilization and were familiar with the tools those trades required. They knew how to use metals, at least elementary metals. They made the earliest attempts at writing, for the whole Egyptian tradition attributes this art to Thoth, the great Hermes an Anu like Osiris, who is called Onian in Chapter XV of The Book of the Dead and in the Texts of the Pyramids. Certainly the people already knew the principal arts; it left proof of this in the architecture of the tombs at Abydos, especially the tomb of Osiris and in those sepulchers objects have been found bearing unmistakable stamp of their origin, such as carved ivory, or a little head of a Nubian girl found in a tomb near that of Osiris, or the small wooden or ivory receptacles in the form of a feline head--all documents published in the first volume of my Fouilles d'Abydos".  (Read the French original here.)

Terah was a Horite Priest

Terah, Abraham's father, was the son of Na-Hor, a ruler-priest decendant of Nimrod, the son of Kush, who built a kingdom in the Tigris River Valley. All of these rulers were ethnically Kushite, to use the Biblical term.  They were descendants of Kush, Noah's grandson (Gen. 10).  Kushite priests appear to have been scribes and devotees of Horus or Hor.  The oldest know shrine city dedicated to Horus is in modern Sudan at Nekhen. It dates to about 4000 B.C.

The Kushite civilization comprises many peoples, including Nubians, Sudra, Egyptians, and Ainu.  It also had castes of metal-workers, warriors and Horite scribe-priests.

Other rulers of Kushite-Nubian ethnicity had the title Terah, as evidenced from places bearing that name. Numbers 33:27-28 mentions 'Terah" as a place near Mount Harun (Aaron) in Jordan. This place is in the very heart of Horite territory.  The Horites controlled a region between Mt. Hor (northeast of Kadesh-barnea) and Mt. Harun near the Edomite city of Petra. Genesis 10:30 tells us that these were the clans whose dwelling place extended from Mesha "all the way to Sephar, the eastern mountain range." They are called Horites in Genesis 14:6; Genesis 36:20 and in Deuteronomy 2:12.

Harun (Aaron in Hebrew) is the Arabic word meaning priest of Horus. The word appears in the Qur'an as Houris and refers to deified ruler-priests.

Terah is also the name of an Arabian tribe (Terabin) that dwells chiefly between Gaza and Beersheba. This links Terah to the clans of Joktan, Dedan, Raamah and Sheba. Terah, Abraham's father, probably married a cousin or niece from among one of these clans. 

Abraham's was a Horite Family

In Joshua 24:2 we read: “In olden times, your forefathers – Terah, father of Abraham and father of Nahor – lived beyond the Euphrates and worshiped other gods.”  It is a curious passage because it has no supporting biblical reference and it is actually contrary to what Genesis suggests. When we remember that Terah was Kushite we can better understand this criticsim coming from a muchlater period.

The Kushites held a binary worldview in which one entity of the binary sets is perceived to be greater in some way to its complement. The Sun is greater light than the Moon.  The male of the human species is larger and stronger than the female. (This is not a value judgment, but a universal observation.) The verse in Joshua represents a criticism of Terah's association with Asiatics who had embraced dualism. They worshiped the Sun deity and the Moon deity as equals. The implication is that Terah, a descendant of the Kushite kingdom builder Nimrod, fell into worshiping contrary to the binary tradition of his fathers (horim) while living “beyond the Euphrates.” There is no other verse in the Bible to support this view.

Abraham's Horite ancestors didn't worship Napir/Sin as was done in Ur and Haran, and later in Mecca. The Horite ruler-priests were devotees of Horus who was called "son of God," and his emblem was the Sun. Genesis is about the ruler-priests of Abraham's Horite caste and their faith in the promise that the Creator made to their ancestors in Eden (Gen. 3:15).

Further, the Joshua passage must be understood in the context of the Deuteronomistic history, which begins in Deuteronomy and ends in II Kings. These books share a common concern with idolatry and place the covenant at Shechem at precisely the location where God appeared to Abraham in Three Persons (Gen. 18). The concept of the Three-Person God originates in the Nile region, not in Meopotamia where Terah controlled territory.

Horite ruler-priests were a caste. One trait of castes is exclusive intermarriage (endogamy). Horite rulers were careful to marry chaste daughters of priests. It is not a coincidence that Joseph married Asenath, daughter of the "priest of Oon" (Gen. 41:45), later called Heliopolis (city of the Sun). Her name means "holy to Anat" and Anat (Ana) was associated with Mari (Mary), so that the name often appeared as Mari-Anat. Asenath's father was Putiphar or Potiphera. This is a title composed of the word pu and tifra. Putifra in ancient Egyptian means "this order." This is likely a reference to the order of Horite priests. The stela of Putiphar speaks of Putiphar as the "son of Horus, may He live forever."

Joseph married the daughter of a Horite priest, which isn't surprising since the Horite priestly lines intermarried exclusively. Likewise, Moses married the daughter of the priest Jethro. Because the sons of Horite priests married the daughters of Horite priests, their children were also of the priestly lines. These are David's ancestors and this is why David's sons are called "priests" in II Samuel 8:18.

This historical reality means we must take these words concerning Abraham's people quite literally: "For me you shall be a kingdom of priests, a holy nation." (Ex. 19:6) And this description applies to some Arabs also.  Not all Jews have Horite blood and not all Arabs have Horite blood. However, to the degree that Abraham's descendants by his 9 sons intermarried, it is safe to say that many Jews and many Arabs do have Horite blood.

Related reading:  Who Were the Horites?; Who Were the Kushites?; The Enigma of Joseph; The Afro-Arabian Dedanites; The Ethnicity of Abraham and David; The Daughters of Priests


Georgia said...

The difference between the religion of Abram's father, Abram before the Abramic Covenant and the practices required of Abraham afterward are striking, especially in the treatment of women.

A. If as you have written, both sexes were circumcised among the Horites, Egyptians, and/or Afro-asiatic people of Abraham's father, Abram was commanded to leave his father and his gods behind.
B. Scripture tells us that Abram was not circumcised before the Covenant with God.
C. Logically, we must assume new standard is that only men and not women of God's new covenant people are to be circumcised. This is would give women more equality, more pleasure and less infection/injury/pain.
D. Male only circumcision puts the onus on the male to curtail lust and put his pleasure, power, progeny, prosperity under the dominion of God, is responsible to be the leader, role model for the wife and family. She is now his partner and equal in both pleasure and prosperity...not his property. Moses gave women their father's inheritance. Under Jesus, and in the new Church, women were valued and considered partners (not overseers, shepherds) in the Gospel.

Georgia said...

A study of the kinds of circumcision required (and executed) by God yeilded a lot of insight into the meaning of Abram's circumcision.

Besides the circumcision of the flesh/foreskin, there is that of the heart, eyes, lips, ears, and whole being (or life) not made by hands.

There is a correlation between circumcision and crucifixion as well.

Alice C. Linsley said...

Georgia, you are mixing things up a bit with this statement: "The difference between the religion of Abram's father, Abram before the Abramic Covenant and the practices required of Abraham afterward are striking, especially in the treatment of women."

There is only one statement in the Bible to indicate that Terah was an idol worshipper and it comes from a source long after Abraham's time. No other text supports this view. Terah's name means devoted to God and his was a Horite ruler-priest.

The idea of covenant, in the Jewish sense, also comes from a time much later than Abraham. This source also tells us that circumcision was the sign of the Abrahamic covenant, which is historically accurate, though this doesn't mean that circumcision started with Abraham. Since Abraham was the youngest of Terah's sons (as was David the youngest of Jesse's sons and chosen) Abraham would not have been circumcised as a youth. Only the sons who would be priests were circumcised among the Horites.

The women in Genesis were well treated and of high social rank. The only one who was abused was Hagar and she was abused by a woman.

Anonymous said...

If you follow the line of Terah it goes back to Noah. The anciet mountains in modern Turkey. This is the same area that the Sumerians came out of. Terah was a high priest in the city of Nippur. His god there was Enlil.If you look up the time frame for Abrahams birth you would find out that he was born during the great Sumerian empire. I believe that Terah was a Sumerian preist. From the land of the Chaldees which could have made them Chaldeans. You have some info wrong

Alice Linsley said...

Noah's homeland is the region of Lake Chad in Africa. Abraham's ancestors came from there. As a group they are called Kushites. They spread across the ancient Afro-Asiatic Dominion.

Ur of the Chaldeans is an anachronism.

When you read or hear something that you have never heard before, don't dismiss it. Possibly you are learning what will one day be widely accepted.

Anonymous said...

Thank you for the information. I am curious about Terah. I understand his ancestral origins and agree. I came across the Book of Jasher that stated he was a descendants of Shem. But when Nimrod was made a king, Terah's father, Na-Hor became a Prince in that kingdom. Have you come across any information like this or did I misinterpret the passages? Thanks in advance.

Alice Linsley said...

Terah is an ancient word for priest and Na-Hor means devotee of Horus.

Terah was a descendant of both Ham and Shem as these Horite ruler-priests lines intermarried. This is shown in the diagram.

Anonymous said...

"Sages affirm that all antefiluvian sciences orginate with the Egyptian Hermes [Tehuti], in Upper Egypt (namely Khmunu (Hermopolis)). The Jews call him Enoch and the Moslems Idris. He was the first who spoke of the material of the superior world and of planetary movements...Medicine and poetry were his functions... [as well as] the sciences, including alchemy and magic." [Cf. Asin Palacios, Ibn Masarra, p. 13],

Based on this evidence, any chance the second line of the inscription is referring to Enoch instead of Seth?

Alice Linsley said...

Sufficient historical, anthropological and archaeological evidence exists to justify the hypothesis that astronomy, mathematics, binary thought and triangulation (pyramids), metal work, cultivation techniques, the earliest priestly writings and the earliest known trade records are found among the Proto-Saharans of the Upper Nile.

None of these can be positively identified with any one ancient figure, however. Enoch is a variant of Anak, and it is a royal title. The Anakim are identified as the "might men of old" in Genesis. This might be helpful:

Another thing to keep in mind: royal names appear with more than one person, so it is difficult to identify which Enoch/Anak is referenced here. There is Enoch, the father-in-law of Kain and Seth; Enoch, the son of Kain (Gen. 4:17-18); and Enoch the father of Methuselah (Gen. 5:21-13). Likewise, there is Lamech the Elder (Gen. 4:18-24) and Lamech the Younger (Gen. 5:26-31); Esau the Elder and Esau the Younger; Joktan/Yaqtan the Elder and Joktan/Yaqtan the Younger, etc. Joktan is linked to the Joktanite clans of Southern Arabia (Mohammed's people).

To further complicate matters, we have seemingly conflicting claims about these great clan chiefs who built great territories in the ancient world. Consider the case of Irad, Kain's grandson (Gen. 4:18). The name has these variants: Jared (Gen. 5::18-20) and Yared of Igbo history. Yared is the best rendering of the ruler's name as it has the initial Y - a solar cradle - indicating divine appointment by overshadowing. This is how it would have appeared among the Proto-Saharan Nilotic peoples. DNA studies have confirmed that the Igbo's ancestors came from the Upper Nile during the Africa Wet Period when the great water systems interconnected. However, many Igbo say that they have always lived at the confluence of the Niger-Benue rivers and that Yared was the founder of their writing system.

The Igbo apologist, Dr. Catherine Acholonu pointed out: "Sumerian texts say that the first city built by the gods on earth was called Eridu. There they placed the members of Adam’s family. Adam’s great grandson was named Yared, meaning ‘He of Eridu’, ‘person from Eridu’. Its Igbo equivalent, with the same meaning, is Oye Eridu. The father of Yared was Enosh/Enu-Esh. His name meant ‘Master of humankind’, for the first people were called Esh, Adam too was called Esh in vernacular Hebrew. In Sumerian this sacred word Esh means ‘Righteous Shepherd’. All Sumerian kings bore the title Esh. Equally in Igbo land Esh/Eshi/Nshi is a sacred word implying divine origins of the first people, who indeed were wielders of supernatural powers." Source:"

There is a connection between the Sumerians and the Igbo, but that is because the Sumerians and the Igbo both have a common point of origin in the Nile Valley thousands of years before either group emerged as a separate ethnicity.

With your knowledge of Hebrew you will note also that Dr. Acholonu's etymologies are irregular. The Hebrew generic word for man is ish. Therefore, she cannot make an explicit connection to Adam. Further, Eridu is Ur of the Idu, that is Ur of the red Horites living in Mesopotamia.