Monday, September 19, 2011

Abraham's Mother and Seth's Father

Alice C. Linsley

A reader of Just Genesis named Andrew has asked two interesting questions. The first is about the identity of Abraham's mother.

Abraham's Horite Mother

The Babylonian Talmud names Abraham's maternal grandfather as Karnevo, an Akkadian form of the Nilo-Saharan word Karnak. Kar means place and nak refers to the ritual removal of six front teeth among the Nilotic Luo and the ancient Natufians. Therefore, Karnak means "place of rituals" and indicates a temple or a water shrine.

One famous "karnak" was a Horite temple along the Nile. The women in Genesis are Horite and the Horite ancestry of the Jews is acknowledged in the word "horim" for their ancestors.

Abraham and his horim married exclusively within their Horite caste. This is a characteristic of caste. It is called endogamy. The Horites were closely associated with the rulers of Kush, Nubia and Egypt. Joseph married Asenath, the daughter of the priest of Onn (Heliopolis) on the Nile. Moses married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro, the priest of Midian.

Since blood line and ethnicity were traced through the mothers, as with Jews today, it is surprising that the Bible does not tell us about Abraham's mother. Perhaps this is because the final editors of Genesis were rabbis for whom this was problematic because it means that Abraham was not the first Jew.  He was a Horite.

Andrew's second question deals with Seth's family. "Your statements that Adam and Eve lived millions of years ago as the first humans rings true to me, but Scripture wise where do you get that Enoch was Seth and Cain's father? Genesis 5:3 clearly states the Adam was Seth's father, or am I missing something?"

Who was Seth's father?

Genesis 5:3 indicates that Seth, as well as Kain, was a "son" and son can mean offspring or descendant. Here the author is connecting Seth to Adam to emphasize that Seth was made in the likeness of Adam who was made in the likeness of God.  There may be a suggestion here that Kain was not in the divine image, but the context is still about deified sons who were rulers.

The rulers listed in Genesis 4 (Cain's line) and 5 (Seth's line) lived about 4000-3000 BC, no earlier. The two ruler lines intermarried, as can be determined by scientific analysis of the kinship and ascendency pattern revealed in the geneaological segment shown below. The ruler who heads this segment was called Enoch/Enosh/Nok. If Adam and Eve were Kain's and Seth's parents they would have been contemporaries of Enoch. The Bible doesn't permit this interpretation. Adam and Eve stand for the first humans created by God. In this sense they are meta-historical.

Kain and Set (Set or Seti) were probably the firstborn sons of Enoch's brother by two different wives. It was the custom of these rulers to have two wives. One was a half-sister, as was Sarah to Abraham.  The other was a cousin or niece, as was Keturah to Abraham. Two wives meant there were two firstborn sons.  These sons ascended to different thrones. The firstborn son of the sister wife (probably Kain) was the heir of his biological father. The firstborn son of the cousin/niece wife (probably Set) was the heir of his maternal grandfather, after whom he was named. This is why the name of a ruler is often found two generations later in the line of the ruler's fraternal confederates. Esau the Elder had a grandson by this daughter who was Esau the Younger.  This is true for Joktan, Sheba and Lamech, as shown in the diagram below.

They married their cousins and the cousin brides named their firstborn sons after their fathers. This is why Seth's firstborn son and Kain's firstborn son have essentially the same name - Enoch/Enoch/Nok. The root of that name was NK. Later we find that the lines of Ham and Shem intermarried also.

The marriage and ascendency pattern of Abraham's ancestors is the same as that of Abraham and Moses. All of these people were Horites who believed that "the Woman" would be a virgin of their own people and she would bring forth "the Seed/Grain" of Genesis 3:15. Jesus refered to this when He told his disciples that He was going to Jerusalem to die. They refused to accept this, so He explained that unless a seed/grain falls into the earth, it cannot live.

Related reading:  The Marriage and Ascendency Pattern of the Horite Rulers; Terah's Nubian Ancestors

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