Alice C. Linsley
Abraham is a pivotal figure of biblical history. He was Horite Hebrew. The Horite Hebrew are mentioned in ancient Akkadian texts as a ruler-priest caste called "Abrutu". The term "Abrutu" comes from the Akkadian word for priest - abru. The Horite Hebrew chiefs of Edom are listed in Genesis 36. Edom was Abraham's territory. Abraham was Horite Hebrew, and his faith is closer to Christianity than to Judaism because he believed in God Father and God Son.
We also know a good deal about the Horite priests from documents outside the Bible. In the Ancient Pyramid Texts the Horite priests and the Sethite priests represent a moiety, that is one people divided into two ritual groups. They maintained separate shrines (mounds) but the served the smae high king and worshippped the same God.
Abraham's elder brother Nahor took control of their father's territory in Mesopotamia and Abraham was sent away to establish a territory of his own. His territory extended between Kiriath-Arba (Hebron) and Beersheba. His territory was entirely in the region of ancient Edom (Idumea), the land of red people.
Abraham was kin to the Horite rulers of Edom who are listed in Genesis 36.
Note that both Hebron (where Sarah lived) and Beersheba (where Keturah lived) are in Edom. Abraham's territory extended on a north-south axis between the settlements of his two wives.
Abraham's ancestors were Proto-Saharan and Nilotic rulers, some of whom are listed in the Genesis 4 and 5 king lists. These rulers dispersed widely in the service of the early kingdom builder like Nimrod, the son of Kush (Genesis 10). His ancestors were known by various names: Abru, Abrutu, Ha'biru; Hapiru, 'apiru, Horim, and Horite.
Abraham's line descends from Nimrod, the son of Kush (Gen. 10; diagram below). This means that Abraham was ethnically Kushite. The Kushites migrated out of the Nile Valley.
Many of Abraham's ancestors held titles of nobility auch as Enoch, Lamech and Tera-neter (priest of God). Abraham’s father has the title Tera, which means priest. This image shows a Sethite priest of the Anu people.
The staff was a symbol of authority.