Friday, October 16, 2009

Where Did Noah's Ark Land?

Alice C. Linsley

A reader of Just Genesis has suggested that Noah's Ark landed on Ararat because that is apparently where Japhid (Japheth) dwelt. He explains that the area is mainly populated by Armenian and Assyrian Turks who are the "new kids on the block", but the land is called "Hyastan" after Haig or Haicus who Armenians represent as the son of Togarmah (Gen. 10). Hyastan means "Land of Hiacus". The Armenians, who constitute a small portion of the inhabitants of Armenia, call themselves Haiks, from this traditional ancestor.

I wouldn't be surprised that Japhid/Japheth has a connection to the Lake Van area. The descendants of Japheth are found in Europe, Turkey, Pakistan, Mongolia and the Upper Nile. This explains the linguistic similarity between some Afro-Asiatic names and some Turkish, Pashtun and Mongolian names, including Jochi, Beri, Malik and Khan. Khan was originally a title meaning king. Today it is a common surname in Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Mongolia. It is equivalent to the Afro-Asiatic Kain or Kayan. Some of the Pashtun tribes adopted Malik as the ruler's title instead of Khan. Malik is equivalent to the Afro-Asiatic Melek, meaning king or ruler.

Genghis Khan married a woman of the Olkut’Hun, or Ogur Hun meaning the Hun clan/community. The word ogur means clan/community and appears to be equivalent to the Pashto orkut, meaning community. So ogur, orkut and olkut are cognates and likely related to the Kandahar dialect, which has Tir-hari as a principal dialect. Tir is a form of the name Tiras, mentioned in Genesis 10 and hari is a form of the word for Horite. So Genghis Khan married into a community which had connections to Abraham's Horite people, probably through the ruler Nimrod.

In the Hungarian origin stories, Nimrod had two sons: Magor and Hunor. Magor is the equivalent of the Afro-Asiatic name Magog and the Hungarian word Magyar. Magyar is the name for the Hungarian people. Some Magyar still live in the Upper Nile area where they are called the Magyar-ab, the Magyar tribe.

Japheth appears to have been geographically separated from Noah's other 2 sons whose lines intermarried. There is no evidence of intermarriage between Japheth's lines and theirs, so his people did reside a good distance from them. However, all the Afro-Asiatic rulers were apparently related.  And they were able to exchange goods, moving cargo along the major river systems that extended from west central Africa to the Indus River Valley and beyond. Their Afro-Asiatic Dominion has been reasonably well demonstrated and supported by comparative religion and linguistics.

The Afro-Arabian and Afro-Asiatic rulers controlled major water systems at a time when Africa, the Levant and Mesopotamia were much wetter. We know that the descendants of Japheth moved into the region of what is today Hungary. However, this hardly proves that Noah's ark landed in Armenia.

Genesis indicates that the biblical Noah lived in the area of Mega Chad. This is the only place on the surface of the earth that claims to be his homeland - Bor' No, meaning the land of Noah. During Noah's time Lake Chad was 600 feet deep and five times the size of Lake Superior.

Also, neither "Ararat" nor "Armenia" represent correct renderings of the old Arabic words. The Arabic word ararat is means vehemence and Armenia is probably har Meni, meaning the mountain of Meni/Menes. Mount Meni is another name for Mount Meru. All the data suggests that Noah's ark landed on Mount Meni, Meri or Meru in what is today Kenya or Tanzania.

Related reading:  Finding Noah's Ark; Noah's Ark; Mount Mary and the Origins of Life; Dark Sky and Howling Wind; Noah's Sons and Their Descendants; Africa in the Days of Noah


Georgia said...


I spent quite some time looking at maps and satellite photos of the region around Lake Chad and could not find Mt. Meni.

It's a fascinating idea and I can see significant evidence points to the Ark landing in Africa rather than Turkey.

I like the color graphic of the crossed lines meeting in Central Africa. Did you paint it?

Alice C. Linsley said...

Mt Meni is at Latitude: 14 03' 00'' Longitude: 22 24' 00'' in Niger.

From the center of the Lake Chad Basin the distance to Mount Meni is about 230 miles west. I had trouble finding it on a map also. That's why I contacted M. Westley, PhD, Director of the African Studies Library at Boston University. He has access to very detailed maps of Africa.

I didn't do the color graphic. I found it at a website on touring Africa and was thrilled that the lines intersect near where Mt. Meni would be.

Georgia said...

Can you name the nearest villages?
Thanks, Georgia

Alice C. Linsley said...

N'guigmi is probably the closest town of any size. Mount Meni is in the desert and only nomadic groups pass through that area. The region is not habitable. The mount can be seen on some internet maps northeast of Zinder and northwest of N'Guigmi. Most of the mountains in Niger are in the northwestern part of the country. Mt. Meni is in a smaller mountain chain closer to Lake Chad. In Noah's time this was wet land with lush vegetation. There are many biblical names in this general area of Africa: Kano (Kain), Tera (Terah), Bor'nu (land of Noah), Adamah (Adam) and Nok (Enoch).

Now that we have clicked over the 25,000 year cycle of earth's rotation, the climate is beginning to change again. The northern hemisphere is getting warmer and the southern hemisphere is getting colder. In Sept. of this year Niger saw flooding as never before seen in the lifetimes of its oldest citizens. Read more here:

Ross said...

Interesting. Years ago I attended a series of lectures by a bogus and descredited archaeologist who claimed to have found the Ark's final resting place, amongst other discoveries. Still, if the size of the audience was any guide, lots of people were taken in by him.

Alice C. Linsley said...

The Creation Museum in Cincinnati Ohio has many visitors, I'm told, and portrays people and dinosaurs living together.

I doubt there would be physical evidence of Noah's ark at Mt. Meni, but one never knows. The extremely dry conditions there have preserved very old human remains.

Georgia said...

Alice, I never did find the specific mountain Mt. Meni, but did find a mountain range called Air Mountains and a region, not a village, called Zinder.

On the satellite map (there seems to be only one set of photos) the extensive flooding of Niger and that region is quite visible. I don't know how the people have survived.

Georgia said...

Alice, I forgot to mention that I saw a village in Niger named Ham. Have you seen it?

Alice C. Linsley said...


That's so great that you found a place called Ham! I hadn't seen that before.

The Air Mountains are nearer to Agadez and they are to the northwest of where Mt. Meni is. The Agadez crosses are symbols of the cosmology of Abraham's people, discussed here:

The so-called "sign of Tanit" is another version of this, and is not a stylized goddess.

pReZdaBeZ said...

In the Google Earth, i can't find the the exact place called Mount Meni either, and when i type the position that u gave, it leads me to somewhere in Sudan...however, i found a place call Mani....just curious...

Alice C. Linsley said...

I have asked the African Studies Center at Boston University to give me the exact coordinates. They have detailed topographical maps. As soon as I receive the coordinates I'll post them here in the comments.

A mountain called "Mani" in Sudan is very suggestive. Given the variation in vowels, it may be Manu. Manu is said to have founded ancient Sudan. These people spread their worldview from Sudan to south India where they are called the "Sudra" and they still follow the Laws of Manu which date to about 1600 years ago.