Thursday, May 28, 2009

Horite Hebrew Territory

Abraham's territory extended between Hebron and Beersheba and was entirely in ancient Edom.

Alice C. Linsley

The Horite Hebrew and the Sethite Hebrew are mentioned in ancient Nilotic texts. In the Pyramid Texts (2400-2100 BC) they are said to serve the same king and worship the same God. The two groups are one people organized into separate ritual groups who maintained separate shrines (mounds). In anthropology, this is called a "moiety" and the Horite Hebrew were the more prominent group within the moiety.

PT Utterance 470 contrasts the Horite mounds with the mounds of Seth, designating the Horite Mounds "the High Mounds." Here we find a suggestion that the Horite Hebrew were named for their devotion to Horus (HR). In the ancient Egyptian language HR means the "Most High One".

The distinction between the two groups is evident in Pyramid Text, Utterance 424: "O King, a boon which the King grants, that you occupy the Mounds of Horus, that you travel about the Mounds of Seth..."

Utterance 308 also addresses the Sethites and Horites as separate entities: "Hail to you, Horus in the Horite Mounds! Hail to you, Horus in the Sethite Mounds!"

Utterance 424 continues, "that you [King] sit on your iron throne and judge their affairs at the head of the Great Ennead which is in On." On is mentioned in Genesis 41:45. Joseph married Asenath, a daughter of the High Priest of On (also known as iunu and Heliopolis).

The Horite Hebrew priests served rulers who are described in Genesis as the "mighty men of old". They controlled commerce on the major water systems from Lake Chad to the Indus River. ;

Genesis 36 lists some of the Horite rulers living in Edom. These are the descendants of Seir the Horite. The usual narrative is that Esau of Edom was not related to Seir and that he and his people drove out the Horites. There is no historical or biblical support for the view that the Horites were brought under the rule of the descendants of Esau, also known as Edom.

The only textual support for the assertion that Esau's descendants dispossessed the Horites is in Deuteronomy 2:12. "Horites used to live in Seir, but the descendants of Esau drove them out. They destroyed the Horites from before them and settled in their place, just as Israel did in the land the LORD gave them as their possession."

The Deuteronomist is writing from a much later perspective, at least 1000 years after Abraham and the two Edomite chiefs named Esau. This later source would have us believe the Israelites coming out of Egypt were the only Hebrew and that they took over all of Canaan and Edom. This claim does not align with the archaeological, historical, and anthropological data, nor does it square with the rest of the canonical Scriptures. 

The Horites were established in Edom when Abraham arrived there and they continued to be established in Edom into the time of Abraham's great great grandson, Esau the Younger (shown in this diagram as the husband of Oholibamah).

Esau the Elder and Esau the Younger were Horite Hebrew descendants of Abraham. 
They married Horite women of the clan of Seir the Horite (Gen. 36)

The Horite Hebrew rulers had two wives who lived in separate settlements. Abraham's two wives are an example. Sarah resided in Hebron and Keturah resided in Beersheba. The wives' settlements marked the northern and southern boundaries of Abraham's territory in Edom. These settlements were guarded by trained warriors who protected the settlements and the territory.

The east-west range of Abraham's territory appears to have extended between the waters of Ein Gedi and the wells he dug in Gerar.

Abraham and his wives were Horite Hebrew. The Horite Hebrew were devotees of Horus, the son of the High God Ra. They believed in God Father and God Son, a belief that was rejected by their later descendants who adhere to Judaism or Islam. (See Trinitarian Correspondances Between Mesopotamia and the Nile.)

Terah, the father of Abraham and Sarah, was also Horite Hebrew, and King David had Horite Hebrew ancestry as he was born in Bethlehem. I Chronicles 4:4 lists Hur (Hor) as the "father of Bethlehem". Job was Horite Hebrew, as were Moses and his father. The Horite Hebrew appear to be the primary source behind the canonical Scriptures.

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