Alice C. Linsley
There is evidence that Horus was regarded as King of the universe in ancient Nilotic mythology. He is the only celestial figure portrayed as a Man in the ancient Egyptian pantheon and he was called the "son/seed of God." A caste of priests served him. They are called Horites. The rulers of Abraham's people were Horite ruler-priests.
Horus was believed to be with his father Ra from the beginning. He is the one who set the boundaries of the winds, seas and dry land. He fixed the cardinal points. This belief is reflected in the many words that pertain to boundaries and measurements which have the root hr - hour, horotely, horizon, horologion (a wind tower and a book) and horoscope.
The axis of the Dendera temple on the Upper Nile aligns with the figure of a Horus falcon perched on a papyrus stem (sema sign) on the Dendera zodiac. While sky watching on the summer solstice in 1728 B.C. (July 7) the priests of Dendera would have observed that the Sun and Mercury were in Leo on opposite sides of the king star Regulus. This is a Trinitarian alignment – The Father (Sun) and Spirit (Mercury) surrounded the King in the constellation of Leo, the totem of the tribe of Judah. This was observed about 728 years before David united the peoples of Canaan.
The Sun continues to be a significant symbol of the Creator in Judaism. The Hebrew Birkat Hachama ("Blessing of the Sun") is recited every twenty-eight years, when the vernal equinox as calculated by tradition falls on a Tuesday at sundown (the sacred midpoint of the 7 day cycle). Jews recite a blessing to the Creator on the exact day, every 28 years. Most recently, the blessing was recited on April 8, 2009. Before that it was recited on April 8, 1981 and on April 8, 1953. The next date of the blessing of the sun will be April 8, 2037.
We find the idea of the Sun as deity in Luke (New Testament). Here the priest Zechariah prophesies concerning the Forerunner of Jesus Christ, John the Baptist. He declares: “And you, little child, you shall be called Prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the Lord to prepare a way for Him, to give his people knowledge of salvation through the forgiveness of sins, because of the faithful love of our God in which the rising Sun has come from on high to visit us…” (Luke 1:76-78). The image is especially strong in Malachi’s description of the Day of the Lord, “glowing like a furnace”. On the day God will purify the priesthood, consume the wicked, and preserve and justify the righteous. These will be God’s “most prized possession” upon whom the “Sun of righteousness will rise with healing in his rays.” (Malachi 3:16-20)
|Temple of Dendera with the face of Hathor on the pillars|
Dendera is on the west bank of the Nile River opposite the modern town of Qena. It was called Iunet or Tantere by the ancient Egyptians and was the capital of the 6th nome of Upper Egypt. In antiquity, the population of Dendera moved to Qena on the east bank of the Nile and the ancient temple lies isolated on the edge of the Sahara edge.