Saturday, November 20, 2010

Horus, King of the Universe

Alice C. Linsley

There is evidence that Horus was regarded as King of the universe in ancient Nilotic mythology. He is the only celestial figure portrayed as a Man in the ancient Egyptian pantheon and he was called the "son/seed of God." A caste of priests served him. They are called Horites. The rulers of Abraham's people were Horite ruler-priests.

Horus was believed to be with his father Ra from the beginning. He is the one who set the boundaries of the winds, seas and dry land. He fixed the cardinal points. This belief is reflected in the many words that pertain to boundaries and measurements which have the root hr - hour, horotely, horizon, horologion (a wind tower and a book) and horoscope.

The axis of the Dendera temple on the Upper Nile aligns with the figure of a Horus falcon perched on a papyrus stem (sema sign) on the Dendera zodiac. While sky watching on the summer solstice in 1728 B.C. (July 7) the priests of Dendera would have observed that the Sun and Mercury were in Leo on opposite sides of the king star Regulus. This is a Trinitarian alignment – The Father (Sun) and Spirit (Mercury) surrounded the King in the constellation of Leo, the totem of the tribe of Judah. This was observed about 728 years before David united the peoples of Canaan.

The Sun continues to be a significant symbol of the Creator in Judaism. The Hebrew Birkat Hachama ("Blessing of the Sun") is recited every twenty-eight years, when the vernal equinox as calculated by tradition falls on a Tuesday at sundown (the sacred midpoint of the 7 day cycle). Jews recite a blessing to the Creator on the exact day, every 28 years. Most recently, the blessing was recited on April 8, 2009. Before that it was recited on April 8, 1981 and on April 8, 1953. The next date of the blessing of the sun will be April 8, 2037.

We find the idea of the Sun as deity in Luke (New Testament). Here the priest Zechariah prophesies concerning the Forerunner of Jesus Christ, John the Baptist. He declares: “And you, little child, you shall be called Prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the Lord to prepare a way for Him, to give his people knowledge of salvation through the forgiveness of sins, because of the faithful love of our God in which the rising Sun has come from on high to visit us…” (Luke 1:76-78). The image is especially strong in Malachi’s description of the Day of the Lord, “glowing like a furnace”. On the day God will purify the priesthood, consume the wicked, and preserve and justify the righteous. These will be God’s “most prized possession” upon whom the “Sun of righteousness will rise with healing in his rays.” (Malachi 3:16-20) 

Temple of Dendera with the face of Hathor on the pillars

Dendera is on the west bank of the Nile River opposite the modern town of Qena. It was called Iunet or Tantere by the ancient Egyptians and was the capital of the 6th nome of Upper Egypt. In antiquity, the population of Dendera moved to Qena on the east bank of the Nile and the ancient temple lies isolated on the edge of the Sahara edge.

Dendera is about 38 miles north of the temple of Karnak (modern Luxor). According to the Babylonian Talmud, Abraham’s mother was the daughter of a priest associated with Karnach. This is evident from her father's name/title "Karnevo" in the Babylonian Talmud. Karnevo would have been a Horite since the shrine of Karnach was dedicated to Horus, who unites the peoples. Horus is the son of Hat-Hor whose womb "housed" him. She is often shown holding the ruler's staff in her right hand and the ankh (a cross image) in her left hand.

Hat-Hor was later called Isis and Re was later called Amon or Amon-Re. Amon-Re is called "King of the gods" in ancient Egyptian literature such as The Journey of Wen-Amon to Phoenicia (James B. Pritchard, The Ancient Near East, Vol. I, p. 17). The high priest of Amon-Re was called "Heri-Hor", which means priest of Horus. While Amon and Horus are understood as distinct in ancient Nilotic theology, they rule the universe as one.

Related reading: Jesus Fulfills the Horus MythA Tent for the Sun; The Horite Ancestry of Jesus Christ;
The Double Crown of Horus; The Christ in Nilotic Mythology; Who Were the Horites?


Agnikan said...

How did Abraham's mother get from Karnak to Mesopotamia?

Alice C. Linsley said...

Abraham's mother's Mesopotamian connection comes through Nimrod, the son of Kush. Sarah and Abraham are the tenth generation from Kush. Nimrod wasn't originally from Mesopotamia, but he established a kingdom for himself in that area, which is why we first meet Abraham and Sarah there. However, Sarah's brother was Haran which suggests a connection to an earlier Haran who lived at the eastern hills of Sephar in Canaan. There is a mountain there named Har-Ran, which means Mountain of the Chief. Ran is a linguistic equivalent to Ram, a Kushite-Egyptian name.

The Horite ruler-priests spread their beliefs across the ancient Afro-Asiatic Dominion, which explains the widely dispersed presence of falcon-shaped fire altars.

To answer your question more directly, Abraham's mother was of the Horite ruling class and surely traveled in style! As did Rebecca, 3 generations later.

Gyan said...

I am sorry to keep bothering you but the topic interest me.

Your essential thesis seems to be that Abraham was a descendant of Egyptian priest class (or caste) and this caste had spread over all Mid-East and parts of Africa.

Though you also add inter-marrying, but it is redundant in my opinion, since it is a logical consequence of there being a caste. (nter-marriage among kin, near or far, is common enough and infact de facto mode all over the history and looks odd only to Modern Westerners).

But why ruler-priest?. What evidence exists that priests in Egyptian temples were also a part of some ruling class or caste?

Can you support this 'ruler-priest' concept with linguistic evidence or are you forced because Abraham is shown as ruler-type man and not at all as priest?

Alice C. Linsley said...

You may read about my research here:

There is no doubt that Egyptian priests were part of the ruling class. This is evident is ancient Egyptian documents that have been studied extensively. In Genesis, we see this in the story of Joseph who married the daughter of the priest of Heliopolis. We see this in the fact that Moses father Amram married according to the patttern of his fathers, a pattern which was recognized by the Egyptians. However, the ancient Egyptians borrowed most of their ideas and practices from the ancient Kushites amd the Genesis genealogies show that Abraham is a descendant of Kush.

Linguistic evidence for the spread of Horite religion is vast. See "Linguistic Evidence for the Afro-Asiatic dominion".

Perhaps the question is where do we find the celestial archetype for the ruler-priest? God is the archetype as Ruler of the Universe and First Priest. We recall that God is the first to sacrifice animals in Genesis 3 to cover the nakedness of Adam and Eve. The pattern of the divine Ruler-Priest who delivers a kingdom to His Son is the heart of the Christian gospel. We are exhorted to seek first this Kingdom.

Gyan said...

Do you really think marrying outside the tribe was common enough in those period as to give rise to the rule of mother's ethnicity? How old is this rule among Jews anyway? In Samuel that I am currently reading are characters are introduced as 'son of' somebody.

I any case, this rule had exceptions (ie. Ruth).

Also I find it disturbing that you club Sudras, Dalits and Dravids together. These three terms refer to different categories and are words from different periods.
Eg Sudra is a Vedic and Puranic classification and is one of the four varnas ("colors").

While Dalit is a 50 yr old neologism meaning Oppressed and corresponds to Untouchable of the British India.

Dravidic also means a speaker of Dravidian group of language and is a linguistic category and not ethnic.However, it has been politicized (as most historical things in India lately).

Gyan said...

Can we proceed thus:

Who are not in Afro-Asiatic Dominion?

I notice you refer to Harawa of Nepal Tarai and that justified the extrapolation to the Subcontinent. But is the Harawa clue that significant? Harawa are just one minor tribe in a region that has thousands of tribes. Who can know the migrations of Harawa?

Alice C. Linsley said...

The Sudra of southern India originated in the area of the Upper Nile. We aqre able to trace peoples (ethnics) using comparative linguistics.

Ruth, as a Moabite, was related to Abraham's Horite people. Lot, Abarham's nephew, was a Horite and the founding ancestor of the Moabites. In Ruth, the two priestly lines descending from Kain (Gen. 4) and Seth (Gen. 5), are united.

Abraham's territory extended from Hebron where Sarah resided in the north to Beersheba where Keturah resided in the south. This was the heart of Horite territory in Canaan.

Gyan said...

Sudra lingustics:

1) Sudras are referred to in ancient Hindu sources as the fourth varna ("color") as a laboring and menial group of castes. But there is no indication that they spoke a different language than Sa-varna ("with color" i.e. the three upper varna.

I fear the confusion of Sudras, Dalits and Dravidians in your work. Though it is incidental and remote to your main ideas, still it is best to get the little details right.

I wonder why you need to extend the Afro-Asiatic domnain to India since India plays no role in the Old Testament.

Alice C. Linsley said...

Genesis treats the priesthood and the Horite priests - Harwa and Sarki - spread their worldview from Africa to India and beyond.

Genesis 11:1 claims that the whole Afro-Asiatic world spoke one language. This is being confirmed by linguistics. The Afro-Asiatic languages are the oldest known languages.

McAlpin has shown that Dravidian and Elamite share about 40% of their cognates, suggesting that the 2 shared a linguistic substrata. Václav Blažek has classified Dravidian as an Afro-Asiatic langauge. Elamite, Dravidian, Hurrian, Etruscan, like the Nilotic languages, are agglutinative languages.

Sudroid includes the aboriginal populations of India who were later displaced from most of Hindustan and the Deccan by invading Aryans. Sudroid includes the following peoples:

•Dravidoids (speakers of Dravidian languages)
•Untouchables or Avarans
•Vedic Shudrs (Aryanized and enslaved blacks)

Linguistically these peoples are related. They are black and related to Nilotic Africans.

Dravidians/Sudra mined gold in the mountains of southern Africa 2000 years ago. These same people populated southern India. The oldest Dravidian traditions speak of ancient prehistoric kingdoms in southern India, extending further south into land that is now under the seas. The Sudra didn’t establish cities in the north, but their priests traveled as far as Nepal. Even today in Orisha, they are called "Harwa", the ancient Egyptian word for priest. These ruler-priests are largely responsible for the diffusion of the Afro-Asiatic religious life that took root around the large water systems from west central Africa to the Indus River Valley. In fact, the term "Dravid" is related to the Vedic term for flowing water.