Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Horned Altars and Horned Sacred Vessels

Horned altar found during excavations at Gath

Alice C. Linsley

The Hebrew ruler-priest clans of Genesis 4, 5, 10, 11, 25 and 36 intermarried. Abraham and his ruler-priest ancestors were a caste of priests who traced descent by both the maternal and paternal bloodlines. Their endogamous marriage practice means that these words should be taken literally: "For me you shall be a kingdom of priests, a holy nation." (Ex. 19:6). This is a historical reality that has been neglected by Bible scholars. The priesthood of old is the basis for the Church's priesthood and should not be generalized to all believers, as was done by the Reformer Martin Luther.

The Horite Hebrew dispersed widely in the service of the "mighty men of old" and the artifacts of their religion are found wherever they resided. These artifacts include ritual flint knives, metal and clay objects of ceremonial importance, and stone altars.

They practiced animal sacrifice on stone altars. In the Harappan culture the altars were temporary and often in the shape of a falcon, the totem of Horus. Horus was the son of Ra. Among the Akkadians he was called Enki and his father was called Ani. The Shulba Sutras state that "he who desires heaven is to construct a fire-altar in the form of a falcon."

At the Harappan water shrines of Kalibangan and Lothal, numerous fire altars have been discovered. The Dravidian word Har-appa means "Horus is father." The falcon was a symbol of divine kingship in hieroglyphs as early a 3000 BC. Here is further evidence of the spread of Horite Hebrew religion from the Nile Valley into India where the cow continues to be regarded as a sacred animal.

The horns of the cow were a sacred symbol for the Horite Hebrew. The horns represented the power of God. Both Joab and Adonijah found themselves on the losing side of a political struggle and fled to the LORD for protection, taking hold of the horns. It was an appeal for divine aid and mercy.

Abraham's Nilo-Saharan ancestors venerated their long-horn cows. The Y of the horns was regarded as a cradle for the Sun, and the Sun was the emblem of the creator and his son.

Hathor, the mother of Horus, is shown wearing a crown of cow horns in which the Sun rests. The Y indicated that the person was divinely overshadowed and this indicted that the person was appointed for service.

The Canaanite Y symbol designated a deified "son" of God, which is why it appears in the names of many Biblical rulers: Yaqtan (Joktan); Yishmael (Ishmael); Yishbak; Yitzak (Isaac); Yacob (Jacob); Yosef (Joseph); Yetro (Jethro); Yeshai (Jesse) and Yeshua (Joshua/Jesus). 

The Y-shaped headdress of the Somali nomads is called barki and refers to divine blessing upon the wearer. The word corresponds to the Hebrew word birka which is the blessing upon food, oil or wine or upon a person.

Many of the world's oldest coins show animals with horns. Alexander the Great had coins minted that showed him with the ram's horns on his head (show above). These speak of the divine appointment of the rulers for whom the coins and royal seals were made.

The ancient Nilotic Annu/Ainu were priests associated with the shrine at Heliopolis (Biblical On), one of the most prestigious of the ancient world. It was known a iunu, place of pillars, because the temples and shrines had many pillars.  The priests were called "Tera-neter," and Tera/Terah is the title held by Abraham's father.

Heliopolis is the Greek name and it means "City of the Sun." The Habiru served as priests at On. Joseph married a daughter of the priest of Heliopolis. It was an exceptionally prestigious shrine city in the ancient world. The pyramids at Giza, Abusir and Saqqara were aligned to the obelisk of On.

The ancient Sun temples were called O'piru. O'piru is a variant of Hapiru and Habiru, and all these reference an archaic priestly caste in ancient texts. The word Habiru is rendered "Hebrew" in English Bibles. 

In the ancient world, a temple was considered the mansion (hâît) or the house (pirû) of the deity. The shrines and temples had an east-facing entrance and the priests faced the rising Sun whenthey offered their prayers and oblations. The Sun was the emblem of the Creator among Abraham's ancestors, and it appears that the Habiru had dispersed widely by 14,000 B.C.

Tera is the Japanese word for priest and the evidence of artifacts, genetics and linguistics suggests a connection between the Annu of the Nile and the Ainu of Northern Japan and Okinawa. It is evident that these ancient peoples were sea-faring. The Ainu word for water is aka, which corresponds to asta, the Old Nubian word for water.

Study of the Ainu Micmac hieroglyphics in Vermont and the Eastern seaboard of Canada strike a blow to isolationist theories and reveals "ancient contact across great oceans."

The genetic mapping of Cavalli-Sforza indicates a pattern of expansion from the Sea of Japan towards eastern Asia. This came long after the expansion from Africa (100,000 and 70,000 years before the present).

The grandson of an Ainu elder living in Eastern Canada reports that not all the native people of North America came via the land bridge from Siberia. His Miqmaq people came via Scandinavia, a fact that has been confirmed by DNA studies (Haplogroup X2b5). This explains the common clothing style and decorative motifs and the close resemblance of the signs in the Ainu and Habiru/Hebrew scripts (shown above).

Jomon vessel dated to the Middle Period, (3000–2000 BC).
Jomon sacred horned vessel
3000–2000 BC 
Sailko/Wikimedia Commons
Nyland (2001) found that many place names and common objects in Hebrew are closely related to the proto-Saharan words. These would have been used by Abraham's Nilo-Saharan ancestors. In ancient Egyptian tera-ntr refers to a ruler-priest and among the Ainu tera means priest. Abraham's father was "Terah" and his ancestors were from the Upper Nile Valley.

Recent DNA studies reveal that the Ainu of Hokkaido and the Ryukyuans of Okinawa have a closer genetic affinity than either group has to the Japanese. It is likely that these populations which have practiced clan endogamy retain cultural and physical characteristics of the earlier Jomon who had dispersed throughout the various islands of Japan.

As the point of origin for the ancestors of the Jomon was the Nile Valley we would expect to find some common features in the artefacts of the descendants of the Nilotic Ainu and the Japanese Ainu.

The Jomon horned vessels of Japan are of special interest because they resemble the horned altars of Abraham's Horite ruler-priest caste. The vessel shown (right) would have had a ritual use.

The tree of life motif is found on the Jomon vessel (above) in Japan and the Iron Age horned altar (below) found in Israel. Other common motifs include serpents, solar boats, circles, and diagonal hatch marks. The diagonal marks are found on the world's oldest known human artifacts.

Altar Rehov Iron Age II, 10th century BCE Pottery H: 49; W: 32.7 cm Israel Antiquities Authority:

Jomon pottery has been found throughout the islands of the Japanese archipelago. Some pieces date as early as 14,000 BC. The Jomon and Ainu are probably related to the Nilotic Anu who moved out of Africa, beginning about 20,000 years ago.

The Asia-Africa connection is found in Y-DNA Haplogroup DE. DE is unique because it is distributed in several geographically distinct clusters. Immediate subclade, haplogroup D, is normally found only in eastern Asia, and the other immediate subclade, haplogroup E, is common in Africa, Europe, and the Middle East.


RB said...

I have just discovered your blog and I have to say your work is fascinating. And were it not for your excellent writing skills, I foubt I would understand you at all.
Well done on both counts!
I have two questions.
You speak of periods of time in the 10s of thousands. How do you determine when events or peoples lived? Secondly, what is your position regarding the Flood? Did it actually occur? If so when? Was it worldwide? You have probably addressed these questions already. If so, please just direct me to where I might find your comments.
Thank you.

Alice C. Linsley said...

RB, those are all good questions. We discuss these topics in depth at the international Facebook group The Bible and Anthropology. I encourage you to join.

I find it necessary to create timelines to keep in mind the order of events. As for the succession of the Hebrew rulers, I have diagrams that show who came first, who succeeded whom, etc.

The flood was a large regional event during toward the end of the African Aqualithic. It took place in central Africa. Noah was a ruler in the region of Lake Chad. That is the only place on earth where the locals call their region the "land of Noah" or Born-nu/Bor-no