Alice C. Linsley
Joseph married Asenath, the daughter of a priest of On (Gen. 41) On is known in ancient records as iunu, meaning "place of pillars". This refers to a royal temple complex, such as Karnak (shown above).
The Harris papyrus speaks of 'Apriu of Re at Heliopolis. The terms 'Apiru, Hapiru, Habiru, Abrutu refers to a ruler-priest caste that was widely dispersed in the service of kings and kingdom builders like Nimrod, the Kushite (Gen. 10). Joseph married into this royal priest line when he married Asenath, and she was probably a relative.
Asenath's father was Putiphar or Potiphera. This title is composed of the words pu and tifra. Putifra in ancient Egyptian means "this order" and likely pertains to the order of Horite Hebrew priests, devotees of Horus and his father Re. Horus was the patron of kings. The stela of Putiphar speaks of Putiphar as the "son of Horus, may He live forever."
Horus (from the Greek) is HR in ancient Egyptian. HR means "Most High One" and can refer to God Father (Re = father in ancient Egyptian) and God Son. The image of Horus in the "holy of holies" is the Nilotic equivalent of the Mesopotamian image of Enki in the Abzu . Enki means "Lord Over All." Enki's father is Anu. That Enki is the son of God (and patron of kings) is evident from Sumero-Akkadian texts such as this: "Enki, the king of the Abzu, justly praises himself in his majesty: 'My father, the king of heaven and earth, made me famous in heaven and earth." (See "Enki and the world order: Translation", lines 61-80.)
Since the same marriage and ascendancy pattern of Joseph and Asenath can be traced using the biblical data back to Cain and Seth, I believe the Pharoah who Joseph served would have been a king during the Middle Kingdom (2040 to 1782 BC).